The sad, sad facts of Sinophobia in Australia

And of course Covid has not helped — especially when that goon Trump set the example with his Chyyyynnnnaaaaahhhgh Virus rhetoric.

From two years ago…

And there is an ongoing problem — not unrelated no doubt to the racist past of this country when it comes to the “Yellow Peril” or the “Yellow Agony”. That is so well-known, despite honourable exceptions. It is something we all must acknowledge. One of my Facebook friends Ouyang Yu (born in China) has thoroughly documented its literary aspects.

And of course when combined with developments in Chinese politics and certain influential opinion-makers here in Australia, we find Sinophobia alive and well in academia and elsewhere. See just for example Peak Sinophobia in Australia? (2021) and CoronaVirus reveals our sinophobic underbelly (2020). I am sure you will easily find many more items!

One of a host of shameful examples out there… That one is 2020.

And I am a fan of this development. Many, sadly, are not…

Somewhat controversial — but I think excellent — 2021 ABC series.

Among my current 206 Facebook friends I have 22 who are Chinese by birth, live in China, or are of Chinese background. Lately a couple of them have reported serious instances of racism they have personally experienced — undeniable instances, not cases of being precious or paranoid. One of them, “Freda”, is an artist in her 30s now living in Sydney, but whose acquaintance I made when she was living in Wollongong — through an old friend Matthew da Silva. We even had lunch together at City Diggers. The other, “Marco”, is rather older and he has been a close friend for over thirty years. Their testimonies are utterly reliable. Both were and are disappointed and angry about these experiences. None of these statements was made as a private message, but I will remove them if either author requests. But I hope they don’t because what they say should be known! Hence also my use of pseudonyms, but aside from a minor bit of proof-reading the statements are just as written.

1. There are a couple of my classmates at National Art School did not like and welcome me when I just enrolled the class. A girl kept kicking her shoes towards me in every ceramics class. I forgave her. Now I think I should have wrote to the student services. But will the student services do anything? Probably not.

2. The police arrived nearly 20 minutes after I reported it to the nearest police station, and they could not do anything. In order to keep this guy around before the arrival of the police, I had to stand up for myself and worked very hard to getting him around meanwhile not breaching the law …During the questioning time, this guy continued making provocative body gestures towards me and he obviously did not understand his bad behaviour at all. My bf asked him to apologise. Not only he refused but instead he pointed his fingers to my face calling me ‘a crazy woman with mental problems’. I guarantee he is going to do the same things again because there are many many people in Sydney, and overall in Australia who are racists but they are not aware. They are too proud [of being] Australia-born Australian. I migrated here for its democracy and better human rights which I believe China was lacking of. Regardless of how corrupted and how bad of the reputation of the CCP is, the Chinese people in China would never say to an Australian in a public restaurant: ‘you go back to your country.’ Chinese people are famous for their friendly and welcoming attitudes to foreigners.

I will rethink about my residency in this country and will probably seek for a life in a new land or my motherland as soon as the border restrictions become more relaxed. And, I support all other people particular the overseas-born Asian-Australians who had similar experience as mine to return to their own countries – to make their motherlands better places so that people here who ask others to ‘go back to their own countries’ can continue to celebrate, and have parties for their Aussie Pride: I AM BORN HERE, YOU, NON-AUSTRALIAN BORN PEOPLE, GO BACK TO YOUR COUNTRY.

I am sure and would give my best wishes to Australia and Australia-born wonderful people that, have a wonderful time, mate. I, as a grass-root vulnerable individual, don’t have too much time left marking around here continuously being discriminated and bullied now and then, and suffering and feeling unhappy.

Good luck. I will cancel my parents’ migration (please give their hard-working blood money back, The Australian Immigration Department), and cancel their flight tickets. I cannot imagine how sad they would be after they give up their work and life to come to Australia, and they will be treated like how I am treated here. I cannot imagine how sad they would be if they know of their daughter being so bullied by AUSTRALIAN-BORN AUSTRALIAN all the time. Same to all the parents overseas who are having their sons or daughters suffered from the non-stop discrimination and racism.

After quite a few kind supportive replies, Freda did recover her equilibrium to a degree — but her case remains an indictment of the donkeys who treated her like that!

3. Even I have been here over 30 years , you’re always stranger in the eye of white especially, had racist experience especially white around world, from Europe, North America, South America, Australia ect , had fight with a white guy at Aldi who is racist and I reported to police as hate crimes and I feel the police is not going to do anything as she says, I don’t have confidence of police to investigate the issue to against a white man, freedom and democratic reality… During my English study [1989-90], I went to farm to make some money and 2 white guys stolen all my $250 at parramatta bus station and left me no money….  Have talked to a few politicians office but I give it up because the racist guy is gay so that’s just make gay bashing all right, never understood people who are be discriminated and discriminate against other🤔

Hang your heads in shame, Australia! Except fortunately there are so many of us who are not like these sick people who have made the lives of my friends miserable — and probably think they are patriots! Deadshits is what they really are.

The next thing Marco shared with me was a message urging me to tune in to ABC to watch this. It is so good.

4. Bring back older memories, actually I was talking to my sister and in 20 years time I may go to China…

To live, he means, referring to a time when he will be about the age I am now… I thought of my Irish ancestor 200 years ago:

I hope kind fate will reinstate
And fortune’s face upon me smile
To safe conduct me home again
To my own dear native Irish isle.

And here is some good news! Yesterday Chris Minns, the leader of the NSW Labor Party, announced that their candidate for the NSW Parliament in Strathfield will be Jason Yat-sen Li. Good chance, and an excellent person. He is being very kind and diplomatic in this video, but the warning is strong too.

After publication

On the one hand are the individual experiences I shared in the post, but they touch on something much more worrying perhaps — and that this is 6th January sharpens that feeling. There are really dark forces conjured up by racism, and sadly we have seen them before. They threaten us, they threaten very clearly the USA, they threaten Europe.

After this post was published I saw this report from multicultural Australian broadcaster (of enormous merit!) SBS: Mark joined a men’s fitness club. Now it’s become an armed neo-Nazi cell. Please take the time to read it.

The group has “cells” in multiple states across Australia, he says, and SBS News has seen evidence of them communicating with white supremacy groups in the United States and Europe.

More than one of the overseas groups has been listed as a terrorist organisation and another as a hate group…

Messages between group members seen by SBS News also talk about “cleansing” Australia and refer to ethnic and religious minority groups as “unters”, a reference to the Nazi Germany word ‘untermensch’, meaning sub-human. 

Mark is a self-confessed ethno-nationalist and says he initially found common ground with members of the group over his anti-immigration views – but now he feels uncomfortable.

“I signed up for a brotherhood of self-betterment, concerned about the failures of multiculturalism in Australia. I feel like things are now getting out of hand.”

He says societal disruptions in Australia caused by the COVID-19 pandemic – including unemployment, lockdowns and mandatory vaccination – have intensified the racist rhetoric of some of the group’s members. 

“COVID was like hitting the fast-forward button … just evidence to the movement that society is weak and a collapse is close.”

“It starts to get more and more violent. There is this besieged mentality, like we are under attack, so we need to prepare, train and be ready for a war really soon.”

2021 replay — 3 — February again!

Yes, definitely merits at least one more! But which one?

Some moments grow in significance as time goes on….

Posted on  by Neil

This photo appearing on Facebook reminded me of something that happened to me in 1987.

Gary Williams (right) 19, of Nambucca Heads, defies the colour bar in a Bowraville hotel on February 24, 1965. With him is Brian Aarons, of Fairfield, a member of Student Action for Aborigines, led by Charles Perkins. Staff photographer Sydney Morning Herald

An important moment, but see also Aboriginal alcohol consumption (from Creative Spirits): “Aboriginal people’s problems with alcohol began with invasion. Contrary to public perception, fewer Aboriginal people drink alcohol than non-Aboriginal people do. Media portray habits of a few, reinforce stereotypes and ignore efforts by communities to get dry.”

I also found while so far unsuccessfully looking for reference to the event I am about to narrate this excellent timeline from the Healing Foundation: Timeline of Trauma and Healing in Australia.

See also:

In 1987 I went into what from 1985 up to then had been my “local”, despite my living in Bennett Street Surry Hills. In 1985 however I had been living in Buckland Street Chippendale and the Brit (aka Beau’s) was my local.

brit2019
2009

It was night time, and I must have been in transit, perhaps from Newtown, back to Surry Hills and called into the Britannia where there was one customer, a young man “of Aboriginal appearance” as the news often says. He was far from friendly, and I was getting a touch nervous. However, I went up to him and volunteered that through my grandmother I also (despite my appearance) had Aboriginal roots. Told him the story. Offered to buy a drink, as he began to tell me his.

He came from a town with a reputation for racism in the west of the state. Around two years before he had gone to the pub with a mate — they were both late teens — to buy a drink. Trouble was, he was barred, but his mate wasn’t. So his mate went in to buy the drinks. Trouble was, the publican saw what was going on and an argument ensued, in the course of which the publican produced a shotgun and the mate was shot dead.

“He was a mean, racist bastard, that publican.” I recalled hearing about this on the news. If I remember correctly, the publican was either found not guilty of murder, or convicted with a minimum sentence for manslaughter… (Those are the details I was trying to confirm.)

The young man told me of his guilt. He also told me of his dreaming, and by that I don’t just mean his dreams. How he had dreamed of the animal that was his personal totem along the amazing complex lines of identification that Aboriginal people have practised for thousands of years. He said he had not known that was his totem, only found out when an elder told him later.

By now I was a silent and respectful listener.

He told me also that he had gone to a private school in Bathurst, had a good HSC, and now worked for National Parks on the mapping of sacred sites. In short, he was no doubt the superior of that publican in education and achievement, but burdened with the guilt of his friend’s death.

As we parted we shook hands and he declared we were eternal brothers. I walked home a little drunk, but very reflective.

I never saw him again, but the story has stayed with me and its meaning has grown as I have learned more. I am still learning how little I know.

Do check the many more entries I could have chosen!

A few Prince Philip items, and some other recent concerns

Lovely picture from a Fairfax photojournalist of the Duke of Edinburgh in Wollongong during the 1970 Royal Tour — Captain Cook related. I well remember this tour as I was teaching at Dapto High at the time an the Royal Family passed through Dapto on their way to the airport at Albion Park. Our kids lined the old Princes Highway and we were up there supervising them. I even suffered terminal embarrassment when just a few minutes ahead of the royal party I found myself driving my little Mazda 1200 up the highway while sisters Dale Thomas and Lynn Buchan, colleagues now better known by the name Spender, waved royally to the crowd!

The full set of photos is here.

Attribution: George Lipman/Fairfax Media

And in 1963, when Prime Minister Robert Menzies was more than a little creepy with his “I did but see her passing by/And I shall love her till I die” quote. The video is also a marvellous example of the Great Australian Silence that was so loud in those days!

Now I have devoted quite a few posts to the subject ignored in that presentation of 1963 Australia, and have been reading much about it too as this blog has testified. I now offer you a 2009 lecture by leading historian Grace Karskens, author of those splendid works The Colony and People of the River.

My recent post on race and racism made reference to the US series Race: The Power of an Illusion, but I then could only share trailers and transcripts. Here at last is a complete episode. It is of course a must watch.

Racism no way — 20 years on

Recently a story from Australia made a bit of a splash on BBC, partly I suspect because my impression is that Neighbours is bigger in the UK than it is here these days. Commenting on SBS reports on 7 April I wrote on Facebook: “And in circles where one would expect people to be better than this! Take stock, Australians — racism well and truly exists here, both personal and institutional. Don’t try to “whitewash” it or make fatuous comparisons with, say, us not being as bad as Nazi Germany or sections of the USA….” I also reposted something I had originally written 20 years ago. More on that shortly. SBS had reported:

Wongatha, Yamatji, Noongar and Gitja woman Clanton, who played a guest role as Sheila Canning on Neighbours this year, first posted the allegations to social media on Tuesday, detailing the use of slurs and racism “disguised as ‘jokes’” on set. 

She claimed that “overt and covert levels of racism were rife” behind the scenes, which left her traumatised.

Without naming anyone, Clanton said she heard “n—–” being used twice in the green room, while another actor laughed. She also alleged that an actor openly called another actor of colour a “lil’ monkey”….

After Clanton’s post, Wongutha-Yamatji actor Wyatt alleged he also experienced racism on set while working as a series regular between 2014 and 2016.

He said the incident involved the use of the “c—” slur, which he called out….

“It didn’t happen around me again. Though I did walk in on this incident? So I have no doubt things were being said behind my back,” he said on Twitter.

“It is disappointing but not at all surprising to hear that five years later racism continues to be present in that workplace. But what can you say, we are in Australia.”

Meyne Wyatt in Neighbours

What I posted then was this:

In our school newsletter I had been running a series of articles dealing with racism, leading up to the International Day for the Elimination of Racism on March 21 2001. I received the following anonymous letter from a senior student. I would be interested in your responses. I would not normally publish an anonymous letter, but behind the anger and some serious misconceptions, I feel there is an intelligence that deserves respect. I have slightly abridged the letter, but kept true to the author’s views.

On March 2 2001 I received another very polite letter enclosing an American White Supremacist article taken from the Web, I have linked a counter-article by sociologist Caleb Rosado. Please consider.

From 23 January 2006 and for the following two Mondays, ABC in Sydney showed the PBS documentary series Race: The Power of an Illusion. That site is worth visiting.

It could seem depressing that 20 years ago I was — and I remember it being a great meeting — at Bondi Public School for a gathering of local Eastern Suburbs and Botany District teachers looking towards that International Day for the Elimination of Racism. That hasn’t quite worked out yet, eh! We were particularly looking at a resource the Education Department had developed called Racism No Way. It still exists, but expanded.

The debate I had via the SBHS High Notes Newsletter back in 2001 follows:

LETTER AND RESPONSE

Enough of all the double standards on racism…. In the quiz you ask whether “Overtly or covertly demonstrating that one believes one’s own cultural or ethnic background is superior” is racist, the answer is yes. Yet about a month ago you printed an article entitled “Asian Pride”. There has never been an article on “White Pride” as whites are obviously meant to feel shame about the so-called “stolen generation” and other instances where whites have colonised a country or done something similar. I mean, obviously the only people capable of being racist are whites, or so the double standard of racism seen today would have you believe.

RESPONSE: First, the term “whites” is an interesting one. The emphasis on skin color misses the point; this is the most superficial of human differences. “Race” as defined by physical characteristics is a dead concept, unscientific and archaic. The Human Genome Project has merely underlined how spurious it is. I take it the writer refers to Anglo-Australian or European cultural heritage. These are still quite rightly celebrated in many areas of the curriculum. Indeed all Australians need to take pride in the concepts of individual freedom, representative government, the rule of law–and so on–that spring from that tradition. I know I do. I also know that many people who come to Australia come here because those traditions are better served here than in many other parts of the world. On the other hand the Christianity that still helps many shape their values derives ultimately not from Europe but from the Middle East; it is good to remember that.

To quote from Norman Davies, Europe, A History (1996): ” ‘White’, ‘Caucasian’, ‘Aryan’ and ‘Europoid’ all reflect the protracted search for an exclusive and therefore non-existent common denominator in the racial make-up of Europe’s population. They form part of a wider vocabulary of doubtful terms including ‘Black’, ‘Asian’, ‘Semitic’, and ‘Hispanic’, where physical, geographical, and cultural criteria are hopelessly confused.”

Second, pride is something we all deserve, so long as it is not at the expense of others. No-one need feel ashamed of who they are or what their heritage is. I am not ashamed of mine, and I extend the same courtesy to others. We do not need to be clones of each other to be good Australians. Just as we differ individually, so can we nurture our cultural heritage so far as it is part of who we are. At the same time we subsume all that in loyalty to the community as a whole, in all its diversity. We are free to differ; that is one of the good things about this country.

Third, racism is not something any one ethnic or cultural group has a monopoly on. Europeans have not been the only colonisers either–ask the Tibetans, or the Ainu of Japan, merely to name two. In Australia, in my view, we have developed a healthy interest in our past that corrects the silence I recall hearing when as a child I wondered–but what did happen to the Aborigines?

No, I’ll tell you what’s racist. Any white person that speaks out and tells about the pride they have in being white is instantly branded a “hick” or “KKK”. Yet any Asian or person from a minority ethnic background who feels pride in their race is some kind of hero or pioneer.

RESPONSE: Any person who exalts their race above the rest of the human race is probably a fool, whatever their background. I am all for Human Pride myself! I also enjoy finding out about other ways of looking at the world, and exploring what they have to offer. Often this makes for a much more interesting life. For many writers and artists in Australia the traditions of our neighbours have been most fruitful; the poet Robert Gray, for example, thoroughly Australian, has nonetheless found Chinese and Japanese Buddhism provide a way of looking at the world that makes sense to him and permeates and enriches his work.

However, it is obvious why the school is willing to take this kind of action. As the school is majority Asian they must try to do everything in their favour and to make them feel special. As a majority they can speak freely about how great they are, whilst anyone that thinks otherwise is obviously from the Ku Klux Klan, a neo-Nazi, or some redneck hick with an unbelievably small IQ. However, the huge influx of Asian students into the school is meant to bring multiculturalism into the school and this multiculturalism can only be achieved when the minorities of society (Asians) are a majority at the school, which is the case now.

RESPONSE: The students in this school are the students in this school; everyone who pursues excellence academically, in sport, or in other activities will feel special. Hilbert Chiu (see below) has made this point rather well. Some may be more dedicated to the pursuit of excellence than others, but all have the opportunity to excel. “Multiculturalism”, as the word suggests, simply means that we have (and have had for years) people here from many different cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds. There is no barrier for anyone entering this school, except to achieve a certain academic standard. No-one asks what your socio-economic or ethnic background is; if you get selected you get in.

But of course this letter will never make it into the High Notes, as it is obviously and blatantly “racist”. However any Asian, or any other non-white ethnic background who wants to write about the pride they feel for their race and the downfall of other races will be praised for standing up and having their letter published because they are “heroes”. I am therefore issuing you, Mr Whitfield, a challenge to print this letter in the upcoming newsletter. You say you encourage everyone who has been victimised because of ethnic differences to speak out against the “racist bullying” they are being subjected to. Well, here’s my letter. It talks about the “racist bullying” I and other white students at the school receive every day. I dare you to print it so everyone can read about what really goes on at school. To do otherwise would just be totally and blatantly RACIST.

RESPONSE: Bullying, whatever its origin, is deplorable. Students are encouraged to report instances of it to teachers, their Year Adviser, the Deputy or the Principal. Instances of racism, whoever is responsible, should be drawn to the attention of Mr Codey, the Anti-Racism Contact Officer, who will investigate them. Feeling alienated or experiencing xenophobia may, however, be neither bullying nor racism. In that case the alienation and xenophobia would need to be addressed, in the interests of the individual and the harmony of the group. Perhaps education is the key to that.

As to the comments on Asian Pride and so on, I counsel you to read the original article [by Bob Li]. If you can find anything there exalting race, or about the “downfall of other races” I will walk backwards from here to Taylor Square! What I see is the story of a fine young Australian who has worked hard, overcome a few disadvantages, and is now happy with himself and where he is.

2000
That’s Bob Li in 2000, to the right of the aging teacher!

RACIAL BULLYING?

Hilbert Chiu, Year 12 2000 (written 2001)

As with all forms of bullying, racially motivated bullying is based largely upon intimidation. The cause of this intimidation in my experience has been a lack of understanding for other cultural values and attitudes. For example a young boy of Asian background is often taught by his parents that bullies get a high out of any reaction he gives, so the best way is to ignore and to avoid a bully; a sort of passive resistance. However, a would-be bully often takes passive resistance as a sign of weakness, of helplessness and of ‘easy pickings’. This is where the trouble starts, as cultural differences turn what was only bullying into racial bullying. Of course, racial bullying is not always so ‘black and white’, and I believe that intimidation stems equally from all races.

I do not think that it is a severe problem in the school, and must be taken in perspective. If racism were rife, this form of bullying would be seen in a one-on-one basis, but in my time at school serious racial incidents only occurred when conducted by groups. It could be that individuals who would otherwise be respectful and friendly feel a need to impress their friends. Common excuses I have come across have been: “It was only a joke”, or “We didn’t know he would take it so seriously” – precisely the insensitivity which causes unwitting intimidation. Hard for a year seven student to see the joke when feeling physically threatened by older boys with that aggressive attitude. Respect for another’s feelings is no where to be seen.

As for solutions, I could only advocate greater participation of all races in all school activities. It fosters greater understanding and respect for all parties, and will eventually eliminate the barriers between the so-called social elite (who will find matters a little different at university), and those who just want to get on with their studies.

Hilbert Chiu remains a friend on Facboook. I am happy to say he gave a thumbs up there to my recent blog post on China.

Now to go back to my English/ESL blog, the heir to my Sydney High English and ESL pages:

Cross-cultural issues are part of an ESL teacher’s business

12 JAN 2007

There are times when this aspect of ESL teaching and support leads down paths some might see as controversial, but I have found most ESL teachers find themselves travelling together on this. On the old Tripod blog there were a number of entries that arose in my own practice. Most were also published as articles in High Notes, the SBHS newsletter. They were all read by the Principal before publication and addressed ongoing issues in our very multicultural community.

Today I am posting the most recent one, written Monday, 6 February 2006 and thus not in High Notes. There are links there to other entries; these will still work, as when I come to trim that old blog I will leave those entries untouched, or perhaps cross-link them here.

Here is that post:

Schoolchildren cast judgements on Muslims – National – smh.com.au

This is very unhealthy indeed, I would say.

MORE than half of Victorian schoolchildren view Muslims as terrorists, and two out of five agree that Muslims “are unclean”, a survey has revealed. Just over 50 per cent believe Muslims “behave strangely”, while 45 per cent say Australians do not have positive feelings about Muslims.

These are the preliminary findings of the survey, which aims to measure student attitudes towards the Muslim community. The research was conducted in the second half of 2005 and is based on responses from 551 year 10 and 11 students in Victoria…

One of the researchers, Abe Ata, of the Australian Catholic University, said the findings showed a need for educators to develop new ways of promoting multiculturalism among children. “There are very strong signals that there is a chasm between mainstream students and Muslim students,” said Dr Ata, a senior fellow at the university’s Institute for the Advancement of Research. “Educationalists and policymakers in education should take proactive steps to help create more racial harmony in the classroom and outside it.”

Waleed Aly, a member of the Islamic Council of Victoria, said the results were troubling. “What it demonstrates is that Muslims are being viewed in a way that is really subhuman,” he said. “The only way you can combat this kind of prejudice is on a personal level. It’s much harder to hate people when you know someone in that social group.”

Phong Nguyen, the chairman of the Ethnic Communities Council of Victoria, described the survey’s findings as “a wake-up call”. “We cannot assume that our children who grow up in a multicultural setting will automatically be accepting of each other,” he said. “Adults need to do things to make sure that our impressionable young children have a growing, mature understanding of the world and other people.” Learning about other faiths and cultures was just as important to a child’s education as studying subjects such as maths or physics, Mr Nguyen said.

The Victorian Government’s draft new education laws explicitly permits the teaching of comparative religion in public schools, and enshrines values of “openness and tolerance”. However, according to the Australian Education Union, while some schools discussed issues involving Muslims within the curriculum, others are more hesitant to do so.

“Sometimes schools do shy away from such controversial issues because of the sensitivities,” said the union’s branch president, Mary Bluett. “There’s always the thought that you might fall foul of politicians or parents.”

But Andrew Blair, the president of the Victorian Association of State Secondary Principals, said schools had a social responsibility to discuss such sensitive issues with students. “Just because it’s tough, you shouldn’t turn your back on it,” he said, adding that the task of helping young people learn about other cultures lay not only with schools, but also with parents. “The lack of understanding and generosity out of these (survey) results is incredibly disappointing,” Mr Blair said.

The survey results are not merely unfortunate; they reveal one element in a situation that actually makes our world a more dangerous place: the persistence of ignorance and prejudice. So of course I support the various statements in the article above, particularly the one I have highlighted.

… See also the search for “Islam” on Lines from a Floating Life.

To finish, some will remember this brilliant savage monologue seen on ABC’s QandA in June last year:

Videos following up on yesterday’s post: Mei Quong Tart and more…

Such a fascinating character, this Mei Quong Tart. There is even a public statue of him in the Sydney suburb of Ashfield.

And a rather special Uniting Church home for the elderly, located in what was his mansion in Ashfield:

And when Quong Tart died in 1903:

Quong Tart’s funeral procession along Liverpool Road Ashfield headed by a band from the Professional Musicians’ Association

That is from a memorabilia page from the Ashfield and District Historical Society. Given that in 1903 the Yellow Peril fever was at its height, this is remarkable. The following short history is fair enough for a 5-minute go, even if it is rather silly to use the Peoples Republic flag to represent the China of 1901! The speaker sounds Indian to me… Not that this necessarily matters….

You can research that one for yourself easily enough. Now to Quong Tart. There are some good video resources on him specifically, including this one showing his encouragement of the suffragettes through his tea rooms in Sydney.”2016 Diploma student Catherine Turner interviews City of Sydney Historian, Dr Lisa Murray, about the Loong Shan Tea Rooms at 137 King St, Sydney.”

And an overall look at his life:

On the subject of Chinese in Australia today, do watch this:

Jiawei Shen, interviewed above, ‘Self-portrait with GE (Chinese) Morrison’ 1996

On recent difficulties Chinese Australians are experiencing:

Many factors are at play, but among them must be the toxic rhetoric in recent years of one Donald J Trump. As plays out too in the USA: