One of the gains from my years with Michael Xu is an enjoyment of traditional Chinese music – truly beautiful.
Of course in recent years the politics has just gone totally bananas! But let us not focus on that right now. There is nothing I really can do about it — it is just sad, and very dangerous. No, let us just see the beauty of this festival right now.
The next video comes from the past day or two, from Henan TV in China. It feature the wonderful Zhou Shen, that counter-tenor we have met before — an enormously popular figure in China now. Genuinely.
The story behind the Moon Festival follows:
A bright moon rising above Tian Shan Mountain, Lost in a vast ocean of clouds. The long wind, across thousands upon thousands of miles, Blows past the Jade-gate Pass. The army of Han has gone down the Baiteng Road, As the barbarian hordes probe at Qinghai Bay. It is known that from the battlefield Few ever live to return. Men at Garrison look on the border scene, Home thoughts deepen sorrow on their faces. In the towered chambers tonight, Ceaseless are the women’s sighs.
Or online grocery shopping in the era of Covid-19.
This all goes back to my need in our lockdown since 24 June to supply myself with life’s necessities while going to the supermarket as little as possible, given that in these last months our supermarkets have regularly cropped up on lists of exposure sites for Delta Variant. Nor having a car myself, contactless delivery and online shopping were the way to go.
1 September for example, from NSW Health:
Anyone who visited the following places at the specified times must get tested immediately and isolate until they receive a negative result.
If they are tested within four days of exposure, they must get tested again on the fifth day.
Illawarra Mixed Business, 1/44 Steel Street, Cringila, on Wednesday, August 25 between 2.45pm and 3.15pm
ALDI Fairy Meadow, Princes Highway, on Saturday, August 28 between 11am and 11.50am
Coles Fairy Meadow, New Ambience building, Elliotts Road, on Saturday, August 28 between 12.05pm and 12.55pm, and Monday, August 23 between 4.25pm and 4.55pm
Coles Figtree, Princes Highway and The Avenue, on Sunday, August 29 between 10.30am and noon
Bunnings Kembla Grange, Northcliffe Drive, on Sunday, August 29 between 12.55pm and 2pm
Mitchells Market, Warilla Grove shopping centre, on Friday, August 27 between 3.30pm and 4pm
Xtra Newsagency, 53 Wentworth Street, Port Kembla, on Saturday, August 28 between 7am and 7.05am; on Friday, August 27, between 7.05am and 7.10am; and Thursday, August 26, between 6.55am and 7am
Coles Wollongong, Wollongong Central, on Wednesday, August 25 between 9.25am and 9.40am, and on Saturday, August 21 between 12.55pm and 1.10pm
That went fine until it didn’t! That happened 12 September:
LATER: Looks as if this was real!
SMS timed at 5pm from Coles: “Unfortunately due to operational issues affecting our Warrawong store, your order for tomorrow morning cannot be fulfilled and has been cancelled…”
I NOW SUSPECT THIS SMS IS SPOOFED.
But email also just arrived: “We’re currently preparing your order a127967081 which is booked for the 6:00 AM – 10:00 AM, Monday 13 September, delivery window. We’re planning to arrive between 6:20 AM and 7:20 AM, but you won’t need to be there as you’ve chosen to have your order left unattended. We’ll send you an SMS to let you know once your order has been delivered.”
If the first is the final word then that is more than inconvenient….
Only too real. The order never arrived, and all customer service did about it was an email reply:
Unfortunately due to operational issues affecting our Warrawong store, your order for tomorrow cannot be fulfilled and has been cancelled. We sincerely apologise for any inconvenience caused. If your bank card / PayPal was charged at Checkout due to pre-authorisation, this will be refunded back to you automatically – wait times depend on your issuer.
Thank you for your email,
So I switched to the other principal supermarket chain, Woolworths. And the first order went really well. And then came the second order.
Which is where the kangabangas come in:
Given snags are the best bet for me because 1) they are bloody tasty! 2) they are easy to cook! 3) they are cheap 4) they have a long shelf life in the refrigerator — the problem of what is in them remains. Take salt for example.Nice to see though that eating our national animal is an exception. Also low fat! What is not to love? Yes, I have had them in the past — and they are good.
So in my latest Woolies order are KANGAROO SAUSAGES — Kangabangas! Coles did not have them. Let’s hope they are in stock — in theory they are. Looking forward to them!
Well! Guess what? My Woolies order “disappeared”! No, not delivered to the wrong place or something. never loaded on the truck from Woolies in Burelli Street! However Woolies Online messaged me and rang me and spoke to me — a real person and not in India! The order will be replaced and delivered tomorrow instead. And the delivery fee will be waived. And I get a cash voucher to spend next time.
Lady was very apologetic and thorough — says it is a mystery, not happened very often if at all. Promised it would not happen again, especially when I told her why I left Coles and started with Woolies after Coles had stuffed up.I do have enough at hand btw — so I won’t starve….
And the email responses arrived instantly.
But this online ordering/contactless delivery stuff is not glitch-free, is it? Have to say though that Woolies customer service is miles ahead of Coles.
Hence on FB last night I posted: The kanga bangas have landed. That is to say, my Woolies order has arrived at last!
And there was one extra pack of Anzac biscuits as well!
While by international standards we have been pretty lucky, the news yesterday was quite depressing.
Drilling down to our local area we had record numbers:
For the 24 hour period to 8pm Friday, 17 September there were 75 new COVID-19 cases recorded for the Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District. Details are as follows:
47 cases who are residents of Wollongong Local Government Area (LGA) – 10 are linked to known cases and investigations are ongoing for 37 cases
17 cases who are residents of Shellharbour LGA – five are linked to known cases and investigations are ongoing for 12 cases
9 cases who are residents of Shoalhaven LGA – six are linked to known cases and investigations are ongoing for three cases
2 cases who are residents of Kiama LGA – one is linked to a known case and investigations are ongoing for the other case.
Then there was this news story, followed by a similar one in another CBD apartment block.
Health services in Wollongong have launched an emergency response to a COVID outbreak in a housing complex that supports some of the city’s most vulnerable people.
Five people in the unit block on Keira Street have tested positive to the virus.
The Wollongong Homeless Hub is a tenant of the building, leasing 30 of the 84 units, and there is a community of residents who move between apartments and use communal areas.
Homeless Hub President Bill Simpson says all of his clients are caught up in the situation.
“We’ve got up to 30 people in there,” he said.
So let the music play!
First, my favourite German/Spanish pianist and composer, Michael Andreas Häringer, turns 20 on 26 September. He has a FB event happening to raise money for his projects. I wish him well.
Next, you may remember Jack Vidgen, who won Australia’s Got Talent in 2011 when he was 14. Well, he is all grown up now at 24. He has just released a song of his own composition — not the first one — which is rather amazing, raw and personal. Here it is. Judge for yourself.
In case you might wonder after that, Jack really is looking healthy as this just posted in Twitter today shows. Note the very professional make-up mirror…
The next is a Kazakh singer with the most amazing voice you will ever hear! Dimash Kudaibergen gained significant popularity in Kazakhstan and other post-Soviet countries in 2015 upon becoming the Grand Prix winner of Slavianski Bazaar in Vitebsk, Belarus. He rose to fame in China with his participation as a “wildcard competitor” in Hunan TV’s Singer 2017 (Chinese: 歌手2017) finishing second overall.
Truly amazing! Next a complete change of mood — the Chinese dulcimer, with the upcoming Mid-Autumn Moon Festival in mind. Also with recent regrettable political developments in mind I said on FB: When you are feeling threatened listen to this…
And I am looking forward to Woolworths delivering my food supplies today, but that is another story.
I did not post on this yesterday because, as I said, it was actually on the morning of 12 September 2001 (our time) that the news came through. I first heard it on my clock radio, then got out of bed and turned on the TV… The first attack had occurred at 1am our time.
I have recovered, thanks to the Wayback Machine, my blogs (originally on Angelfire) for September and October 2001. Some extracts follow. Links all work.
27 Oct 2001
From The Sydney Morning Herald…food for thought, nice memories and a bonus replay
Hugh Mackay is a regular columnist in the Saturday Herald. I am often in sympathy with what he says, and today’s column is such a case. He articulates much of my own unease in the current climate, with the world as it is and an election coming up here. You may not agree, but still, read it carefully.
BEWARE OF WARMONGERS AND LIES TOO EASILY TOLD
By Hugh Mackay
It is an extraordinary thought that a federal election campaign in a country like Australia – remote, peaceful, tolerant (though decreasingly so), hospitable (though decreasingly so), safe, secure and prosperous – could be hijacked by hatred and fear.
Even more extraordinary is the possibility that an unpopular, divisive, high-taxing government could be returned with an increased majority, mainly because voters were freaked by their fear.
Fear is a complex emotion but it comes in two main forms. There’s “anticipatory fear” where we perceive a threat, know what to do about it and take the necessary evasive action. That happens when you see a dangerous situation looming on the road, or someone threatens you with violence, or you face a difficult challenge like an exam, or a job interview. Anticipatory fear can usually be discharged quickly. We act, and we feel better.
Then there’s “inhibitory fear” where the threat is too great, too amorphous or too appalling for us to know how to deal with it. Because there’s no way discharge the fear through action, we are inhibited rather than energised. The term “paralysed by fear” is a good description of inhibitory fear at work.
The fear generated by terrorism is of that kind. It’s too huge and yet too vague a threat to be dealt with rationally. It comes from shadowy, uncertain sources. It has the potential to pop up in unexpected places and unpredictable ways.
So governments (including our own) try to manage it by reacting as if this is a conventional military threat to which they can respond in conventional military ways. We’re supposed to be hunting Osama bin Laden, the alleged mastermind behind the attacks on the US, but, in effect, we have declared war on the Taliban in Afghanistan. We keep saying this is not like any other war, yet our leaders are approaching it as if it is precisely like any other war … right down to the disturbingly jolly television coverage of politicians joshing with the troops they are consigning to battle.
It’s no wonder we are afraid and unfocused in our fear. We’re jumpy about everything because we can’t quite get a handle on what is going on, what will happen next, or even what should happen next. (If the ground forces capture bin Laden and his al-Qaeda cronies, is that it? Do the troops arrest them, turn them over to “the authorities”, and then go home?)
It would be a tragedy for our democracy if the Australian electorate turned out to have been paralysed by fear at the very time when we were supposed to be pondering weighty questions about the character of our society and its future directions.
But it would also be a tragedy if we allowed the fear of terrorism – or even of refugees – to blind us to some other, more specific targets for equally legitimate fears. Let me offer you a few suggestions.
Be afraid of politicians who send us too easily to war.
Be afraid of those who, turning their backs on the entire history of our species, persist in the belief that killing each other solves anything.
Be afraid of those whose rhetoric is carefully designed to make it sound as if war is a noble thing and death in battle is glorious. The truth is very different: history says war is devastating for all concerned and the suffering of those who are killed or maimed, on both sides, is just like any other suffering. Their blood is like your blood; the mud and rubble and excrement in which they writhe are as filthy as any other; their families grieve with the same intensity as any other bereaved family.
Be afraid of those who present a complex truth as if it is simple. Be afraid of a propaganda war against bin Laden and the Taliban untempered by any acknowledgment that the US had encouraged and empowered the Taliban in Afghanistan when Russia was the enemy.
Be afraid of those who refuse, on the grounds of “patriotism”, to examine possible reasons for hostility to the US in certain parts of the world.
Be afraid of politicians prepared to exploit our baser instincts for political gain. Be afraid of the motives of a federal minister recklessly announcing that Australia now ranks third in the world as a terror target, as if our fears needed refuelling … and as if some terrorist had mailed him a hit list.
Be afraid of anyone who tries to justify enmity in the name of religion.
Above all, be afraid of the corrosive and paralysing effect of fear itself. If we allow it to dull the clarity of our focus on the local issues facing us in this election campaign, that will be a huge victory for terrorism.
* * *
14 Oct 2001
Sunday…and news so burdens the heart
The news is grim this morning. If indeed the recent cases of anthrax in the United States are part of the current terrorist program, let it be said at once that any God who tells someone to do such a thing cannot be God.
In a sweeping but in my view accurate generalisation referring to Old Testament prophets, fundamentalist Christians and the likes of Osama Bin Laden, Karen Armstrong in A History of God ascribes a clear link between belief in a highly personal God and attributing one’s own hatred, anger, resentment and other dark forces to the Almighty, thus legitimising them. One’s own welling resentments (or, in a somewhat more positive light, one’s sense of injustice) are projected heavenwards, so that they are no longer your feelings but the will of God. If you are charismatic enough to persuade other people that your anthropomorphic deity really feels as you do, you can then unleash very powerful forces onto the world. I really think there is something to this thesis.
Recently Mitchell told me he was reading the Old Testament for the first time, but was finding himself bogged down in the detailed laws of the Torah, the five books traditionally (and wrongly) ascribed to Moses. The detailed arguments on the origins of the five books of the Torah are well known and accepted by most Christian historians and scholars, and very many Jewish ones. The introductory matter to the Catholic Jerusalem Bible gives a moderately conservative but fair summary of the scholarly position: that the books reach back through oral tradition to the beginnings of Israel, but in the form we know them date from a time some 500 to 800 years after the Exodus. Only the most Orthodox Jews and fundamentalist Christians deny this.
The books are important, however. There are gems within, and the Exodus has, as myth, inspired many an oppressed people, including African Americans in their struggle. Among the gems are laws which still govern our sense of what is just: “Do not deny justice to any poor man of yours in his lawsuit. Keep away from lies. Do not slay the innocent or the just, for I will not forgive the wicked. And do not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eye of the clearsighted and perverts the sentence of the just. Do not oppress a stranger; you know what it is to be a stranger, for that is what you were in the land of Egypt.” (“Stranger” could well be translated as “refugee”.) —Exodus 23: 6-9 [Unless otherwise stated, I am using the rather good Christian Community Bible: Catholic Pastoral Edition, 2 ed, Claretian Publications, Quezon City (Philippines) 1988.]
There are of course laws that are blissfully ignored today: “If you lend money to any of my people who are poor, do not act like a moneylender and do not charge him interest.” Exodus 22: 24 Others, probably most, are ignored–thank God: “If a priest’s daughter defiles herself by becoming a prostitute, she profanes her father and shall be burned in the fire.” Leviticus 21: 9 “A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones: their blood shall be upon them.” Leviticus 20: 27 [1611 King James Version] And in the same chapter, verse 13, “If a man lieth with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.” [KJV]
The last one has had a somewhat more enduring influence than the one just before it…
Here endeth the lesson.
10 Oct 2001
Poetry, a letter, and a dizzy old queen…in reverse order 😉
Yes, the dizziness was mine, and literal: I am having it checked out.
The letter was from Shanghai Bob, an ex-student, and is quoted below. It is a really nice letter…
Shanghai Bob’s Letter
Date: Tuesday, October 09, 2001 1:03 AM
Hi Mr W,
It has been a while since we last talked, I’ve been quite busy and believe that you are more busy than I am. However I’ve been reading your Ninglun Diary recently, first just wanted to have a glance but was attracted to your many insights on daily issues, and so read all your September and October diaries. (^_^)
On that terrorist issue, I totally agree with your views, especially on how we should not associate all Muslims to terrorists, just as we cannot call all Americans murderers by the act of Timothy McVeigh.. But sadly, many people (at least some of my friends) have adopted that thought, having very negative views on Muslims on the whole. And some of my atheist friends developed the idea that “if there wasn’t religion, the world would be at peace.” One very atheist friend even said, “religions are utterly stupid and evil, people should stop them.” Much of the world’s ill comes from a lack of empathy, understanding, compassion and respect for differences, and when this develops to a larger scale, it results in larger conflicts like violence and even war. But sadly, this ill is so rooted in every human being (ie. everyone, whether the person is Atheist, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, etc etc etc), that often we just turn out to hurt others without even realising it.
You also wrote that you are a religion seeker today. I remembered before that you told me you were a Buddhist, to what extent do you believe in Buddhism today? Recently, I too am very interested in the many religions of the world, and have searched the net to get to know some of them. My grandma is a Buddhist, so is my uncle and aunt, and so is Xiang. However their beliefs are quite different too. My grandma believes that chant the name of Buddha and scriptures can help bring peace, and good will be repayed for good. My uncle and aunt believe that only the actual practice of cultivation (by sit in meditation) will free people from the cycle of reincarnation, and open up the window of wisdom, and become Buddha after death. (a bit like Falun Gong, though they’re not Falun Gong.) Xiang believes in Tibetan Buddhism, and follows Dalai Lama as his living God. The religion of Buddhism has diverse denominations with its huge amount of scriptures and different doctrines. What is your personal belief in Buddhism? (^_^)
It’s also interesting to know that you were a Christian involved in an evangelical union when you were young. I guess I am likely to face similar problems in understanding the Bible. Many issues like homosexuality (I am not homosexual, but am far from homophobic), and the law of the Old Testament are the difficult areas. But I do trust the love of God, and the wisdom of life that the Bible teaches. I’ve also read articles about Christian Fundamentalism; it gives me the impression that it lacks humility, compassion, understanding and love, which are the essence of the Bible, for “God is love.” 1 John 4:8. Many Fundamentalists also tend to read the Bible out of context, and also tend to take metaphors literally. So these are some areas I will take note.
On whether the Bible is inspired by God or just made up by people, I do not know much. But what amazes me is the Bible’s many accurate prophesies, such as the ones in Isaiah about Christ the Messiah, how he came, how he lived, how he died, everything so specific and so accurate. It’s so accurate that many think it must be written after Jesus but claimed itself written earlier, but last century the Dead Sea scroll was found, and it was a manuscript of the book of Isaiah carbon dated almost 200 B.C. The Bible’s many scientific knowledge is also extraordinary. The Old Testament says that the earth is round and is held in mid space, written many centuries B.C. where people had no idea of what the earth looks like, (it was thought to be flat until only around 300 years ago). But anyway, whether it is really revelation by God or not, it is still an extraordinary and valuable book I think.
It was by reading your Ninglun website that my interests in these subjects are aroused, indeed you’re making a brilliant site! Please do keep up the good work!
Take care, keep in touch.
Your student as always, Bob
Letter published with Bob’s permission.
08 Oct 2001
The world in turmoil…but quiet in Surry Hills
I first heard about the attack on Kabul when I went for the morning paper and saw the special 4am edition of the Daily Telegraph. Well, I guess we all await developments.
I took my copy of Karen Armstrong’s A History of God with me as I set out for Cafe Max to have a quiet morning coffee. It is a calm and dispassionate account of the subject–no, not really dispassionate, as Armstrong clearly has a passion for the idea of God and its evolution in the three major Middle Eastern religions–Judaism, Christianity and Islam. She does also allude to other traditions, such as Buddhism, but her focus is on the diverse monotheistic “people of the Book(s)”.
I can’t help agreeing with A N Wilson, as cited on the cover: “This is the most fascinating and learned survey of the biggest wild goose chase in history.”
Why on earth have we come to two conclusions: 1) God is absolutely fascinated with the Middle East and 2) He talks to people and makes them write things? This book helps one understand how this came about. Armstrong does believe in God, by the way, but is chary of the idea of literal revelation. She certainly is learned and fairminded.
The book is worth it for a clearer and less hysterical take on Islam, just for starters…
23 Sep 2001
State of the world
On world affairs yesterday, and in the diary for the day before, I raised a few questions. Looking back, I realise how devastated I have been by the events that have unfolded since September 11. One symptom is how the time elapsed since then seems almost a blur, almost unreal. I think I am settling back now, but I still feel a deep apprehension. My unease, combined with the usual end-of-term stresses, may even have impinged on my personal relationships, I suspect: perhaps in the form of leaning on some too heavily as a respite from the gloom.
I recommend looking at this article in Asiaweek, which goes some way towards realism about the way the rest of the world might feel about how the United States responds to September 11. The Economist examines the questions “Who is to blame?” and “Why do they hate us?” rather well. This article is pretty close to what I think; however, I think, while agreeing that the motives of such crazy people may be hard to fathom, that the U.S, policy issues raised in that editorial may have more significance, at least in creating a climate for hatred. Finally, The Atlantic Monthly has some good background articles, one set of which is at the other end of that link.
I am reading The History of God by Karen Armstrong (a former nun), partly to background current issues, but also to review my knowledge of the Bible, religious history and so on. Illuminating on the three monotheisms–Judaism, Christianity and Islam:
We shall see that Yahweh did not remain the cruel and violent god of the Exodus, even though the myth has been important in all three of the monotheistic religions. Surprising as it may seem, the Israelites would transform him beyond recognition into a symbol of transcendence and compassion. Yet the bloody history of the Exodus would continue to inspire dangerous conceptions of the divine and a vengeful theology… The myth of a Chosen People and a divine election has often inspired a narrow, tribal theology from the time of the Deuteronomist right up to the Jewish, Christian and Muslim fundamentalism that is unhappily rife in our own day. Yet…In all three faiths, (God) has inspired an ideal of social justice, even though it has to be said that Jews, Christians and Muslims have often failed to live up to this ideal and have transformed him into the God of the status quo. [p.28-29]
Mitchell recently said that the religious are often the nicest people on campus, and he is right I suspect; I was in the Evangelical Union myself and like to think I was one of the nicest people on campus in my day 😉 Today I am a religious seeker as much as ever, I think; but I have seen through and beyond the simplifications and circular arguments (and self-satisfaction) of the “simple faith” that believes the Bible is the Word of God because it says it is; Christian theology then becomes a matter of ignoring the embarrassing bits in the Bible, ironing out or glossing over inconsistencies, and getting into more and more desperate trouble trying to sustain the unsustainable. And yet there is in the Bible a core that is absolutely wonderful.
Today I would recommend anyone interested in the Bible should of course read it. But they must learn to see it historically, not as a magic thing, a box of texts all of equal relevance. Guidance may be had from believers and unbelievers alike: David Marr, The High Price of Heaven (Sydney, Allen and Unwin 1999); Robin Lane Fox, The Unauthorized Version: Truth and Fiction in the Bible (Penguin 1992); Bishop John Selby Spong, Rescuing the Bible from Fundamentalism (Harper 1991).
17 Sep 2001
An evil man
Much may (I think) rightly be said about the folly of American foreign policy, or its arrogance–and America has sometimes set a nasty hypocritical tone to an outsider like me: supporting corrupt and tyrannical regimes, engineering the downfall of governments they do not like (as in Chile), callously speaking military-talk about “collateral damage”, and so on. On the other hand, this is a country free enough to allow those thoughts to be expressed, as they are by many: Noam Chomsky to name one. Dissent is more viable in America than in most other nations. The world is paradoxical.
On the other hand, having just watched an excellent documentary on ABC (Australian that is) Four Corners on Osama bin Laden: oh my God! What an evil bastard that man is.
I find myself looking again at the model of a post-Cold War world given in Samuel P Huntington’s The Clash of Civilizations (1996) and find it compelling and prescient. I still feel he draws the lines too starkly, and disagree with his proposed policies, except maybe to pull back from insisting on the “Westernisation” (as distinct from “modernisation”) of the rest of the world. Huntington also presents a very flawed view, a straw man view, of multiculturalism, something he does not understand in the way it has been understood in Australia for example. He does not give sufficient credence either to the fact that cultures actually can change, compromise and meet. In a sense he is agreeing with the extremists who so bedevil this world. Nonetheless, it is one of the best available models for making sense of what is occurring at this moment.
12 Sep 2001
Horrible. What more can I say?
When I was seventeen the following poem (I print here the first and last stanzas only) was one we did; ever since it has recurred to me when the world has displayed yet another atrocity:
SEPTEMBER 1 1939
W. H. Auden
I sit in one of the dives On Fifty-second Street Uncertain and afraid As the clever hopes expire Of a low dishonest decade: Waves of anger and fear Circulate over the bright And darkened lands of the earth, Obsessing our private lives; The unmentionable odour of death Offends the September night.
Defenceless under the night Our world in stupor lies; Yet dotted everywhere, Ironic points of light Flash out wherever the Just Exchange their messages: May I, composed like them Of Eros and of dust, Beleagured by the same Negation and despair Show an affirming flame.
Yes, yesterday at 4.30 pm at Wollongong Medical Centre, leading to this modification of my Facebook header:
Given yesterday’s stats for our part of the world, it was about time. I had AstraZeneca, the 12-week due second dose.
With very few exceptions on sound medical grounds, there is absolutely no excuse when it comes to vaccination. The words RESPONSIBILITY, COMMUNITY, and DUTY trump all the conspiracist and libertarian hogwash out there! As these good folks in North Carolina so amply show on their excellent Facebook page.
#Strongwomen. "I write about the power of trying, because I want to be okay with failing. I write about generosity because I battle selfishness. I write about joy because I know sorrow. I write about faith because I almost lost mine, and I know what it is to be broken and in need of redemption. I write about gratitude because I am thankful - for all of it." Kristin Armstrong